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Kinetic art is an abstract art movement from the twentieth century in which movement and light are one of the most important starting points. The movement tries to push boundaries between realism and surrealism. The purpose of kinetic art is to understand the moving change of light or movement. So kinetic art is literally about action and reaction. It is art that you can experience with your senses: hear, feel, look and experience rhythms, flickering, instability and vibrations. When a spectator studies the object, special observations arise. The first artists to shape the kinetic art movement believe that it only really becomes kinetic when someone experiences the artwork. 

An important characteristic of the kinetic art is simplicity. You can create complex images using relatively few resources. It is the power to find a relatively easy way to reshape your perception. Simplicity, neutrality, and regularity. Simplicity can be create in form and material and natural phenomena such as sunlight and wind. But also human actions. (‘Honder jaar Kinetische kunst, Avrotros”)

Heinz Mack, focus on movement, atelier in 1953. 

Focus on the following aspects of kinetic art:

Movement by means of the position of the spectator or user: The perspective, color or function changes when the viewer determines his position. It is an interaction with the spectator and environment by not touching the object but only seeing it. The viewer perceives the object and can speculate what he or she sees changing with himself and with the environment.

 

Movement by means of a construction or action by the spectator or user: The perspective, color, or function changes when the user performs a certain action. It is an interaction with the spectator and environment by touching the object. The viewer perceives the object and can speculate what he or she sees changing with himself and with the environment.

Movement, simplicity, neutrality, and regularity.

Heinz Mack, explaining important terms, galerie Perrotin 2016.